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Opened to the public in , this was the first metro line, not only for Istanbul but also for Turkey. This line offers 2 different services that share the first eight stations before splitting off to arrive at different terminals.
Its respective terminals are Haciosman and Yenikapi. The M3 line offers two services that share the first 5 stations and then split off at İkitelli Sanayi. This was the first line to operate on the Asian side of Istanbul. Its 19 stations extend completely underground. This line runs mostly under state highway D. This is currently the shortest line on the Istanbul metro system, with only 3. All the lines operate on Sunday, but some, like the M4 line, only run until pm.
The trains run every 6 to 10 minutes on every line most of the day and every 3 to 5 minutes during peak hours am — am and pm to pm. This is the most practical and economical way to travel in Istanbul and it is accepted on other modes of transportation such as trams and funiculars. Each trip using the Instanbulkart is less than the price of an individual electronic ticket.
The Istanbulkart is a plastic card in which money can be stored and used by up to 5 people traveling together. The discount increases according to the number of transfers. If more than one person is going to use the card, keep in mind that the discount for transfers only applies once. These discounts are valid for transfers made within two consecutive hours following the first trip.
Although it is more expensive to use the Istanbulkart, it is possible to purchase electronic tickets for a set number of trips instead of disposable ones. Metro Istanbul, the public operator in charge of the metro system is also in charge of trams and funiculars. The connections throughout the system are well-structured and can be accessed with the Istanbulkart. The connections are not free but there are discounts depending on the number of transfers.
These discounts can only be applied within two consecutive hours beginning from the time of the first paid trip and they are not valid for connections to the bus, ferry, Metrobus or Marmaray train line. The Istanbul metro system is in the middle of an expansion project with an expected completion in This project not only includes the extension of current lines, but also the opening of four additional lines by and another three by Some of these lines are already being constructed and expect to begin running in , while others are still in the planning process.
Currently, there are about 62 stations under construction. Istanbul has two airports and a third one under construction that is expected to be operational by the end of This station can be found next to the international terminal and is connected to the domestic terminal by a pedestrian walkway. What we know today as Istanbul was once Constantinople and even further back was Byzantium. Constantinople was the capital of the Roman, Latin and Ottoman Empires.
Seated in the middle of Europe and Asia, the city is full of testimonies of its historic past, including the many mosques, basilicas, cathedrals and bazaars. You can reach most of those destinations via the Istanbul metro. Hagia Sophia or Santa Sophia Basilica : It was once the largest cathedral in the world and home to various religions throughout its history, as it shifted from a Greek Orthodox Basilica to a Roman Catholic Church.
In some stations, mezzanines connect directly to nearby buildings and structures, such as shopping malls or business centres. Each station concourse or mezzanine are patrolled by Istanbul Metro security guards to prevent fare evasion and crime. Stations with large walkways toward different exits, such as Taksim also have travelators to cover the long walking distances.
Upon entering the station, passenger may use ticket vending machines or manned ticket booths to purchase their fare, which can be stored on the Istanbulkart contactless smart card. After entering the fare-controlled area, via the turnstiles, passengers may continue further down to the platform level. Since the different lines of the Istanbul Metro have different specifications, most notably car length , there is no uniform length for platforms.
The oldest platforms of the network, built between and on the M1 line, are m ft 1 in and can accommodate trains up to 4 cars long. Platforms on the M2, M3 and M4 lines span about m ft 2 in and can each accommodate trains up to 8 cars long.
Platforms on the M5 line can accommodate up to 6-car trains, whiles platforms on the M6 line accommodate 4-car trains. Sections of platforms are subject to close during off-peak hours, especially on the M2 line. While platforms on the M2 line are open fully during peak hours, capacity is reduced to 4-car trains during off-peak hours. Platforms on the M5 line are protected by platform edge doors.
Except on funicular lines, most platforms of the Istanbul Metro consist of two side platforms or one island platform. Five stations consist of two island platforms, serving three tracks. This table lists technical characteristics of the metro lines that are currently in service or under construction. The lines have no connection between them. All station names are on the bus lines as well. The M2 line has an interchange between F1 in Taksim and an interchange tunnel with the Zincirlikuyu Metrobus station at the Gayrettepe station.
Also at Altunizade the line has a Metrobus interchange. The M6 line has an interchange with the M2 line at the Levent station. The M9 has an interchange with the M3 at Ikitelli station. These are partly the same as those used on the T4 tramway line. The first Istanbul full metro rolling stocks, which entered service on 16 September , on the Taksim - 4. Levent line, were built by Alstom. These trains are air-conditioned and equipped with LCD screens, and share a similar exterior design to the first three generations of rolling stock used on the Caracas Metro in Venezuela.
On 30 January , the first 8 trains each with 4 wagons built by Eurotem the Turkish factory of Hyundai Rotem entered service. These metro units are formed with 4 cars for a total length of 90 meters and have a maximum transport capacity of passengers. As part of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality goal of expanding the size of the city rail transportation network to km mi by ,  the Istanbul Metro has several lines that are under construction or planned.
Since the city does not have a widespread railway network, the Metropolitan Municipality aims to connect urban areas of the city that do not have access to the Istanbul two coastal railways with metro lines. None of the current Istanbul Metro lines cross the Bosphorus; lines are wholly located either on the European side or the Asian side of the city. In , The Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure began the planning of a The new airport will be connected with a metro system via a line starting from Gayrettepe station , with a total length of 33 km that could be an estimated 26 minutes ride once ready for full operation.
Planned opening date is Planned opening date; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Istanbul railway network. Two trains waiting at Bogazici Universitesi on the M6 line. Main article: List of Istanbul Metro stations. Metro İstanbul. Retrieved 9 January Istanbul Metro in Turkish. Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 9 February Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 6 December Retrieved on 12 August Retrieved 4 January Retrieved 18 December Transport for London.
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